WHAT IS ABA?

A

APPLIED

ABA WILL TEACH ​LIFE SKILLS

Principles applied to socially significant behaviours

B

BEHAVIOUR

Based on scientific principles of behaviour

A

ANALYSIS

Progress is continually measured and intervention adapted

 

WHAT IS ABA?
ABA is a discipline that employs objective data to drive decision-making about an individual’s program. That is, data is collected on responses made by the individual to determine if progress is being made or not; if there is no progress under a particular intervention, we need to reevaluate the program and change it so that the child begins to make progress


 

WHAT CAN ABA BE USED FOR?
The short answer is: almost anything. If it is a behaviour, and it can be observed, ABA principles exist that can be used to either increase or decrease that behaviour.  As a discipline, ABA providers are charged with the improvement of socially significant behaviours. Socially significant behaviours include communication, social skills, academics, reading and adaptive living skills such as gross and fine motor skills, toileting, dressing, eating, personal self-care, domestic skills, and work skills.

ABA STEPS

POSITIVE INTERACTIONS

are first developed through the use of favourite activities and responding to any attempts to communicate.

MOTIVATION

is encouraged through the use of familiar materials and child-specific reinforces.

SUCCESS

is promoted through positive reinforcement of successive approximations and prompting and fading procedures.

PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT

is critical. Parents are empowered through training and collaboration to create an environment in which treatment is provided most of a child's waking hours, at home, at school, and in the neighbourhood.

REQUESTING

this is developed as early as possible.

LANGUAGE

Learning to talk and understand vocal LANGUAGE is considered a fundamental part of social development

IMITATION

is also crucial, allowing a child to learn by observing other children learn.

And finally, social interactions and cooperative PLAY...

PLAY

are integral to treatment. Facilitated play occurs first with siblings and then with peers during play dates and at school.

HOW TO GET STARTED?

There are many providers of ABA services, many of whom are quite good. Frequently, a parent will choose a qualified provider with whom they share similar philosophical approaches in the application of intensive behavioral interventions.